Taken from a city-building game called Tropico 5, which has a number of interesting tidbits about dictators in its loading screens:
Part 1Mariano Melgarejo of Bolivia
When Mariano Melgarejo of Bolivia was presented with a white stallion as
a gift from Brazil, he was so stunned by the horse that he immediately
took a map of Bolivia and put one of its hooves on it... and gave the
Brazilians the entire area covered by it.
Melgarejo of Bolivia,
having heard the history of Caligula and his horse consul, thought the
story was so cool that he made his horse, named Holofernes, General of
Bolivia.Saparmurat Niyazov of Turkmenistan
The President of Turkmenistan, Saparmurat Niyazov, wrote a book called
Book of the Soul. It was made compulsory to learn in schools and to be
held in the same regard as the Quran in mosques throughout the country.
Also, in 2006 a copy of the book was sent to space.
Niyazov, self-proclaimed President and Father of Turkmenistan, had a 12
meter golden statue of himself built upon a 75 meter high arc - with the
statue rotating so it always faces the sun.
had all hospitals outside of Turkmenistan's capital closed as he felt it
was reasonable for people needing medical care to travel to the
Saparmurat Niyazov, President of Turkmenistan, took a liking to renaming
things, like the days of the week or the months. He even changed the
word for "bread" to be after the name of his mother - Gurbansoltan.Nicolae Ceausescu of Romania
In 1980, Ceausescu destroyed most of the historical part of Bucharest in
order to build what was lauded as the biggest building in the world
after the Pentagon. After his death, Romania's Parliament moved in, only
to be able to use 30% of the building.
Nicolae Ceausescu made
sure that the street leading up to the palace was constructed to be
exactly 1 meter wider than the Champs Elysees in Paris... just because.
Ceausescu called himself The Genius of the Carpathians and even made a
scepter for himself, prompting Salvador Dali to personally send a
telegram of mocking, but having no concept of satire, Ceausescu had
Dali's letter published on the front page of the newspaper.
proclaimed his alcoholic and womanizing son, to be a "scientist of
international reputation" and allegedly had published several volumes on
Ceusescu demanded that his nearly illiterate
wife be made a member of the New York Academy of Sciences and the Royal
Institute of Chemistry. In Romania, she been crowned
"Comrade-Academician-Doctor-Engineer", and top scientists had to include
her name in their research.Rafael Trujillo, of Dominican Republic
Rafael Trujillo, President of the Dominican Republic, had streets,
mountains, schools and bridges named not only in his honor, but in honor
of various members of his family as well.
President of the Dominican Republic, appointed his 3 year old son
colonel, and went on to make him General at the age of 10.
Trujilio, President of the Dominican Republic, campaigned to win a
Nobel Prize for Literature for his illiterate wife, after honoring her
as a writer and philosopher.
Rafael Trujillo required every
license plate in the Dominican Republic to say "Viva Trujillo" and every
church to say "God in Heaven, Trujillo on Earth".